眍忸耱 徼珥羼
觐祜囗梃 镳邃镳蜩
礤趄艴桁梓羼觇 觐祜囗梃
镳钿箨鲨 / 腩汨耱桕
蝾疸钼 鲥眚
ChemIndex
眍忸耱 磬箨
疣犷蜞 潆 蹊扈觐
蹊扈麇耜桢 恹耱噔觇
豚犷疣蝾痦铄 钺铕箐钼囗桢
蹊扈麇耜桢 疱嚓蜩恹
疣聒桊屙睇 镱桉
赅蜞腩 疱耋瘃钼
尻蝠铐睇 耧疣忸黜桕
噔蝾疱翦疣螓
纛痼 蹊扈觐
镱滹桉赅 / 铒痤覃
镳铄牝 /


觐眚嚓螓
镱桉
   

汶噔磬 > 耧疣忸黜桕 > 蹊扈麇耜 鲨觌铒邃:

涡美臀美宋门脱人劳


恹徨痂蝈 镥疴簋 狍赈 磬玮囗梃 耱囹:

涡美臀美宋门脱人劳, 牮屐龛轭疸. 耦邃桧屙 耦 疋扈 Si Hal. 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗-徨聆., 潲 磬 忸玟篚 骅潢铖蜩. 疱珀桁 玎镟躅; 汨漯铍栩梓羼觇 耱铋觇 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 (磬镳., 蝠桀疸囗铘蝾瘃桦-睇)-徨 玎镟踵 腓犷 耦 耠噌 桊睇 玎镟躅; 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 蝠屐 囵桦 桦 恹聒桁 嚯觇朦睇扈 疣滂赅豚扈-牮桉蜞腚梓. 忮耱忄 (耢. 蜞犭.).

崖紊岩吕 团饰椅雄 涡美臀美宋门脱人劳温

杨邃桧屙桢

. 镫., °

. 觇., °



蔫戾蜩脘栳痤祚桦囗 (CH3)2SiBr2

-58

112

1,727

1,469*

蔫戾蜩脘梏蝾瘃桦囗

(CH3)2siF2.

-87

2/748 祆 痱. 耱.

-


茵桁弪桦桀漶桦囗 (CH3)3SiI

-

106/734 祆 痱. 耱.

1,470

1,474

茵桁弪桦狃铎耔豚 (CH3)3SiBr

-43

80

1,172

1,422

茵桁弪桦趄铕耔豚 (CH3)3SiF

-74

19/730 祆 痱. 耱.

0,793**

-

蒡桦蝠栳痤祚桦囗 C2H5SiBr3

-80

160/750 祆 痱. 耱.

2,079

1,515*

蒡桦蝠梏蝾瘃桦囗 C2H5SiF3

-105

-4

1,227***

_

蔫桦滂桀漶桦囗 (C2H5)2SiI2

_

221

1,971

1,571

妈龛腧痂蹼铕耔豚 CH2=CHSiCl3

_.

92

1,242

1,429

体蜩脞桧桦滂蹼铕耔豚 (CH3)(CH2=CH)SiCl2

_

93

1,086

1,427

针铕戾蜩腧痂蹼铕耔豚 ClCH2SiCl3

-

116/750 祆 痱. 耱.

1,444

1,453

茵梏屙桦蹼铕耔豚 (C6H5)3SiCI

97

378

-

-

体蜩媵屙桦滂蹼铕耔豚 (CH3)(C6H5)SiCl2

_

203

1,182

1,518

茵梏屙桦狃铎耔豚 (C6H5)3SiBr

120

201/1 祆 痱. 耱.


-

藻龛腧痂趄铕耔豚 C6H5SiF3

-19

101

1,216

1,411

襄眚囔弪桦蹼铕滂耔豚 (CH3)3SiSi(CH3)2Cl

_

135

0,868

1,443

-(蔫戾蜩膈腩瘃桦桦) 戾蜞 [Cl(CH3)2Si]2CH2 .

_

175

1,016

1,448

(如铞栲磬蝾) 滂戾蜩膈腩瘃桦囗 (OCN)(CH3)2SiCl

-

103

1,075

1,414

体蜩膈腩痨弪桦滂蹼铕耔豚 (CH3)(ClCH2)SiCl2

-

121,5

1,285

1,450

b-骤囗铨蜩腱弪桦滂蹼铕耔豚 (CH3)(NCCH2CH2)SiCl2 ....

-

215,75

1,201

1,455

* 橡 25°. ** 橡 0°. *** 橡 -76°.

玉蝾轺桠铖螯 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 磬沭邂囗棹 玎忤耔 铗 镳桊钿 铕. 疣滂赅豚 囹铎 Si, 屦汨 耱屣屙 桀眄铖蜩 疋玷 Si Hal 镱龛驵弪 潴: Si桭 (屦汨 疋玷 561,46 昴/祛朦, 耱屣屙 桀眄铖蜩 70%) > Si桟l (377,1 昴/祛朦, 30%) > Si 椔 (305,87 昴/祛朦, 22%) > Si桰 (230,45 昴/祛朦, 8%). 亦, (CH3)3SiF 礤 疣珉嚆噱蝰 镳 磬沭. 漕 600 °, PhSi裭3-漕 400 °, 狃铎- 桉漶钿屦驵 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 疣珉嚆帼蝰 镳 磬沭. 镳 犷脲 龛珀桴 蝈祜屦囹箴圊. 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 钺疣珞 噻孱蝠铒睇 耢羼 铕. 牮屐龛轭疸. 耦皲., 蜞赕 觐祜脲犟 囔桧囔. 滂桦钼 桊铎 漯.

铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 踵疣牝屦睇 疱嚓鲨 眢觌孱. 玎戾龛. 描漯铍桤 汨漯铍栩梓. 觐礓屙襦鲨 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 篑腩忤 镳铞羼襦 镳桠钿 耔豚眍豚 桦 耔腩犟囗囔 (耢. 勿汔-眍耔腩犟囗):


铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 怦蝮镟 疱嚓鲨 耦 耧桊蜞扈. 嚯觐泐蜞扈 腩黜 戾蜞腚钼. 铕. 礤铕. 觇耠铗囔 桴 耦扈. 疱嚓蜩忄扈 灭桧疣. 漓祛眍腓 囔桧铍桤 铕汔眍蹼铕耔豚眍 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 镳桊钿 铕. 疣滂赅豚 囹铎 Si, 囔桧 篑腩忤 疱嚓鲨 镳桠钿栩 腓犷 钺疣珙忄龛 囔桧铖桦桦-睇 镳铊玮钿睇, 腓犷 耔豚玎磬 (耢. 勿汔眍耔豚玎睇):


R = Alk, Ar, H 橡 忡噼祛溴轳蜮梃 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 鲨囗桎铎. 桤铞栲磬蝾. 蜩-桤铞栲磬蝾 Ag (桦 蜩铎铟邂桧铋) 钺疣珞 耦铗. 鲨囗-, 桤铞栲磬蝾- 蜩铊珙鲨囗囹铑疸囗铖桦囗:



缅蝈痤趔黻鲨铐. 觐礓屙襦鲨 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 耔豚眍豚扈, 嚯觐犟-, 圉桦铌耔- 囔桧铖桦囗囔 镳桠钿栩 钺疣珙忄龛 祛眍戾痤, 桉镱朦珞屐 耔眚彗 腓礤轫 鲨觌梓. 铍桡铎屦钼 镱腓戾痤 (耢. 署屐龛轭疸囗梓羼觇 镱腓戾瘥), 磬镳.:


橡 忡噼祛溴轳蜮梃 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 戾蜞腚梓. Na 镳 110-140 ° 钺疣珞 滂-, 蝠- 镱腓铕汔眍耔豚睇. 2R3SiCl + + 2Na R3SiSiR3 + 2NaCl. 亦觇 矬蝈 镱塍麇睇 镱腓-滂戾蜩腭桦囗 [(CH3)2Si梋n 恹耦觐 祛. 爨耨铋.

铌耔溧扈 戾蜞腚钼 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 疱嚆桊簋 钺疣珙忄龛屐 铕汔-眍耔腩犟囗钼. 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 耧铖钺睇 蜞赕 疣聩屣螯 耔腩犟囗钼 疋玷, 磬 麇 铖眍忄睇 豚. 镳铎. 耔眚彗 . 磬. 蝈腩戾痤:


铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 耧铖钺睇 钺戾眢 汔腩沐眍. 黩 桉镱朦珞 豚. 镳嚓蜩赍, 磬镳桁屦:


铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 踵疣牝屦睇 疱嚓鲨 滂耧痤镱瘀桀龛痤忄龛. 觐蝾瘥 怆 钿龛 桤 戾蝾漕 耔眚彗 汔腩沐黻囵犷耔豚眍, 磬腽.:


橡嚓蜩. 珥圜屙桢 桁邋 蹼铕桊钼囗桢 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 镱 铕. 疣滂赅塍, 潆 觐蝾痤泐 疣琊噌铗囗 纛蝾蹊., 赅蜞腓蜩. 骅潢铖蝽 镟痤羿珥 戾蝾潲. 湾驽豚. 镱犷黜 镳铞羼 桴 疱嚓鲨- 铗瘥 铕. 疣滂赅豚:


赅麇耱忮 蹼铕桊簋 嚆屙蝾 桉镱朦珞 蜞赕 S2Cl2 SO2Cl2, 赅蜞腓玎蝾瘥-耦腓 Fe, AlCl3, PCl3, SbCl3, I2 漯. 碾 戾蜩朦睇 镳铊玮钿睇 镳铛钿栩 皴脲牝桠眍 蹼铕桊钼囗桢 钿眍 蝾 驽 沭箫稃 怙腩螯 漕 钺疣珙忄龛 蜒l3-镳铊玮钿睇. 绵腩沐 铕. 疣滂赅脲 . . 玎戾 磬 囔桧-, 赅疳铌耔-, 鲨囗- 漯. 沭箫稃.

务. 戾蝾潲 耔眚彗. 1) 络噼祛. SiCl4 疱嚓蜩忄扈 灭桧疣:


蒡铗 戾蝾 镳桁屙 镳铎脲眄铖蜩 潆 镱塍麇龛 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 疣珉. 铕. 疣滂赅豚扈 囹铎 Si. 填骓 桉镱朦珙忄螯 蜞赕 腓蜩-, 鲨黻- 磬蝠栝铕. 耦邃桧屙. 2) 橡祛 耔眚彗 (磬栳. 铐铎梓睇 桤 镳铎. 戾蝾漕) - 忡噼祛. 嚯觇- 囵桦汔腩沐龛漕 牮屐龛屐 镳 250-350 桦 500-600 ° 耦铗. 镳桉篁耱忤 製 桦 桉镱朦珙忄龛屐 牮屐礤戾漤钽 耧豚忄 疱嚓蝾疣 戾. 镥疱戾忄龛屐 锺邂漕铈桄屙-眍 耠铄, 忤狃圉. 疱骅戾 桦 镱 溧怆屙桢.


3) 蔓耦觐蝈祜屦囹箴眍 溴汨漯铛腩痂痤忄龛 耢羼 铕. 汔腩沐龛漕 铕. 桦 礤铕. 汨漯桎蹼铕耔豚眍; 汔珙钺疣珥簋 耢羼 镳铒篑赅 麇疱 蝠筢鬣螓 疱嚓蝾 镳 500-650 ° 蝈麇龛 10-100 :


络噼祛. 沐犟圊腩痄桉桦囗 嚯觇膈腩痂溧扈 镳桠钿栩 嚯觇腧痂蹼铕耔豚磬, 礤磬覃眄 耦邃.- 鲨觌梓羼觇 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗, 磬镳桁屦:


离梏囹梓. 蹼铕桎 铋 疱嚓鲨 忸耨蜞磬怆桠帼蝰 漕 筱脲忸漕痤漕. 磬镳桁屦: SiHCl3 + 淹3 SiCl4 + 淹4.

4) 腻汨漯桊钼囗桢 . 磬. 汨漯桎眍 镳桉铄滂礤龛 镳桉篁耱忤 [H2(PtCl)6]6H2O:


5) 碾 镱塍麇龛 麒耱 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 豚. 镳嚓蜩赍 桉镱朦珞 疣聩屣脲龛 耔腩犟囗钼铋 疋玷, 潆 耔眚彗 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗, 汔腩沐龛-痤忄眄 铕. 疣滂赅,- 滂噻铎弪钿 湾耢眍忄:


铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗-徉珙恹 镱塍镳钿箨螓 潆 镳铊-忄 牮屐龛轭疸. 耦邃桧屙栝. 袜 镳嚓蜩赍 钺眍 桉镱朦珞 戾蜩-, 桦-, 忤龛- 翦龛膈腩瘃桦囗. 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 镳桁屙 蜞赕 赅 汨漯-纛徼玷痼桢 嚆屙螓 潆 耱尻豚, 狍爨汨, 觐骅, 忸腩觐, 赍疣扈觇 漯., 赅麇耱忮 镳铒栩帼 忮耱 尻蝠铗艴龛赍, 囗蜩麴桕. 镫屙觐钺疣珙忄蝈脲 潆 耱尻眄 戾蜞腚梓. 镱忮瘐眍耱彘. 豚. 镳嚓蜩赍 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 镳桁屙 潆 耔腓腓痤忄龛.

丸珀铌栾 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗-泐瘙麒 耦邃., 铕汔眍汔腩沐眈桦囗 耦 疋扈 Si椡 钺疣珞 忡瘥忸铒囫睇 耢羼 忸玟篚铎. 橡铒桦蝠-趄铕耔豚 - 豚牮桁囹铕, 狍蜩腧痂趄铕耔豚 - 耔朦睇 .

髓. 耢, 镳 耱. 署屐龛轭疸囗梓羼觇 耦邃桧屙. . . 澎咫眍.




恹徨痂蝈 镥疴簋 狍赈 磬玮囗梃 耱囹:


埋 眍忸耱



皖忸耱 觐祜囗栝

埋 眍忸耱


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